salmon fishing

Salmon Fishing Rods – Choosing The Right One

Setting up for a fishing adventure doesn’t mean focusing only on where you sink your line or how pretty the weather is although those things are equally important. Salmon fishing gear is important, of course, and you will want to make sure that you take all gear into consideration. Equipment such as salmon fishing rods, salmon fishing reels , the type of line and leader that you are going to use will be most important while terminal tackle such as hooks, baits and lures, will be secondary.

Because of the variety in species of salmon as well as their many habitats, there are an infinite number of combinations that can be made to produce your ideal salmon fishing setup.

While salmon fishing tackle is available at many different rod and gun shops, not just those on the ocean but also those inland, it’s more convenient to learn about these things before you go ahead and purchase items. Lets take a look at some of the tackle you will need for a successful day out there.

Common tackle

Rods, reels, weight’s, swivel’s and salmon fishing line and leader are going to be your basic tackled needs on any salmon fishing excursion, whether on the ocean or in freshwater, casting or trolling. In all cases, your line is going to have to be of a good braid variety or “test” expensive braiding brands are often referred to as super lines. These lines are good for casting, but when it comes to actually landing the fish, results can vary from company to company. For trolling in clear water, many anglers choose clear monofilament or fluorocarbon line. The unfortunate thing about salmon fishing is that if one of these big fish manages to snap your line, you are out some pocket money, not only for the line itself but also for any lure and attractant tackle that you happen to be using (and your bobber if you are bob or float fishing!). All that and nothing to show! Make sure your line is endorsed by fellow anglers before trying it out on the water.

Common Saltwater Tackle and Gear

Different types of salmon fishing are going to call for different gear. Any ocean salmon fishing is going to mean that the salt water takes its toll on your equipment, and we’re not just talking your basic gear; if you fish in a boat, you are going to have to have your motor checked constantly- some estimates put the turnover rate for an inboard motor on the ocean at seven years. This can really add up, but there are tricks, like using fresh water coolant, that can help add life to your motor.

Ocean fishing for salmon, whether from a boat (mooching, trolling, or drift fishing) or from the shore requires some very specific salmon fishing tackle. You need hooks and weights that get the line down to the level that you want, but that also don’t pick up a lot of kelp on the way in. Bottom bouncers and lures work great for casting from a wharf or from the shore, and packed roe is one of the most successful baits. Remember that baits and lures for salmon are always based on smaller fish; bugs won’t get you a lot of bragging rights at the end of the day when it comes to salmon, unless you’re talking crawfish which are commonly referred to by anglers as bugs.

As far as tackle and gear composition goes, it’s a must to pay close attention to detail. Fishing rods and fishing reels should be made of a material that does not corrode, such as aluminum (common in high end reels), stainless steel, graphite (this is the most popular material in ocean fishing rods), plastic, or good old wood. Don’t use equipment that is made of mixed metals; different metals will react in different ways to the salt content, and you could end up with a reel or rod that is 25% corroded; it will look fine for the most part but it won’t work.

Salmon fishing tackle considerations such as lures and bait will depend on the type of fishing you are engaging in. Fishing for salmon on the ocean will mean a lot of trolling. You will want a setup of rod, reel, and line appropriate for trolling, preferably one that can shake or flip piles of seaweed off so that the weight of the fish on the other end isn’t compounded by the weight of debris. The bait on the line is usually going to be a fish simulating device, perhaps with a few spoons to catch the eye of the salmon. Plugs are also common on the ocean when salmon fishing. It’s important to check regulations for the area you are fishing so that you don’t use a hook/lure combination that is illegal (years ago quadruple hooks were common, but regulation has meant that double hooks are now the norm in fish-like lures).

Freshwater Salmon Gear

Freshwater salmon fishing will usually mean the use of floats and live bait such as roe or prawns. This might sound like a tame way to fish, but it can be quite a rush to see that float sink in the river and realize that it might not just be a rock, but a massive Spring salmon on the end. Check the rod quick, because you will want to hook the fish before he realizes what is going on. This is done by a quick firm jig or set towards you. Slowly let your tip back towards the river with the current keeping some tension on the line, and if it keeps going down, give it another real good jig and yell fish on if you’ve got something

Casting, in freshwater can be one of the most rewarding salmon fishing experiences, especially when the costs are weighed against those incurred fishing from a boat. The tricky part can be in determining the right kind of flies or lure’s; in fact, the only type of salmon that is really going to bite on a fly are Steelhead or Coho. The flies you are going to be successful on for steelhead will depend on whether the fish are winter or summer run, and of course the kind of bugs that are around the river or stream you are casting on. The real challenge in casting for steelies is just getting the fish to bite on any flies at all. If you decide to use a lure or blade, this is a very productive way to fish for a wider range of salmon and can be used in both saltwater and freshwater.

Bottom bouncing is also a casting method used in a river system and involves lots of casting. In these methods, live bait, synthetic worms and wool are the weapon of choice by most anglers. When targeting Coho or steelhead a smaller rig is used as these fish can be easily spooked off of a huge and intimidating set-up. A couple of split-shots (or small amount of lead) and a nice compact presentation that is stealthy will work well for you for these two species. If your out for the Spring or Sockeye in a large river system like B.C.’s Fraser, or the Columbia, you’re more likely to use a larger bouncing betty and some wool while you “floss” the mouth of the King salmon, as these fish moving up the river to spawn are going to be attacking your line rather than biting it because they want to feed. Flossing is a productive way to fish that brings a good table fare, but uses much less skill than other methods and some anglers disapprove of this method.

Tip; on buying bottom bouncing weights:

Excalibur is a leading manufacturer of bouncing betty type weights that are in the midst of lead weight replacement, which is harmful to the environment. These environmentally safer weights use Tungsten nickel alloys and are 25% smaller, denser and more rigid, which means longer life, less likely to damage lines and more effective in river systems as they transmit a better bounce to the line! VERY COOL!

Specific Tackle

Choosing A Salmon Rod

As far as rods go, seven feet long rods for trolling seem to be the most recommended. The base of the rod should be able to handle a lot of weight; if you are fishing the Pacific waters in particular, you need a rod that can handle the possibility of a 50lb Tyee on the other end. Lightweight and flexible material is essential for ensuring a successful battle.

Salmon Reels

Reels for salmon fishing are usually spinning or baitcasting reels. They need to have smooth drag systems and should keep the actual act of reeling thoughtless. The tension between fish and reel should be smooth and not a jarring tension that can cause the line to snap. Since you will want to concentrate on the fish on the other end and not the actual reeling process, drag becomes very important when deciding which reel is best for you.

Salmon Fishing Line

There are different schools of thought when it comes to the right type of fishing line to use as far as your salmon fishing tackle is concerned, but in most cases the more expensive line is the best option because as my dad always said “you get what you pay for.”

Now, it doesn’t have to be the MOST expensive fishing line on the market, but higher priced lines tend to be best for clear water fishing; the less visible line will not spook a fish off of your bait. More expensive lines are also more resistant to breaking, kinking, and tangling. More times than none you are going to be paying for a new technology as the older technologies move by the wayside.

Just remember that good salmon fishing tackle is essential when it comes to having a good fishing trip. Something as simple as the proper Salmon fishing line and leader will make all the difference and If everything goes right, you will be able to break out those salmon recipes on your return home!
Source by Duff Gillmore

spin trout fishing

Spin Trout Fishing With Streamers

Spin Trout Fishing With Streamers

Spin Trout Fishing with streamers? This doesn’t seem like something that is possible does it? After all everyone knows that a streamer is an artificial fly and in order to use a streamer as bait you need to be a “fly fisherman” right? What I’m trying to tell you is that you actually don’t have to be a fly fisherman to fish with streamers and this type of artificial fly can actually be used while spin fishing.

In this article I will explain how to go about Spin Trout Fishing while using a streamer as bait. As a matter of fact I will outline a pair of techniques that can be employed by the average spin fisherman to use this very effective bait for trout. As a matter of fact many experienced trout fishermen claim that using streamers as bait while using spinning gear may actually be more effective than fishing for trout with streamers while using fly fishing gear.

A major key to both of these techniques is that a longer ultra light spinning rod than you might normally use is in order. You need a fishing rod that’s in the neighborhood of seven to eight feet long. This will not only give you added casting distance, but will also aide in keeping in contact with (or “feeling”) the streamer that’s tied to the end of your line. With that being said, let’s get down to business.

    1. The Bubble Technique – The bubble technique involves a piece of terminal tackle that is referred to as a casting bubble (sometimes called a fly fishing bubble). This small plastic sphere that looks much like a clear bobber has a plug running through the center of it that will allow water to enter the bubble itself when it is submerged beneath the water. When the plug it pushed in the opposite direction the water stops flowing, thus adding weight to the bubble which makes casting and retrieving a lightweight streamer much easier. There is no doubt that when Spin Trout Fishing with streamers the bubble technique is a “must know” for any spin fisherman who wants to use the extremely effective trout bait known as streamers.

 

  1. The Bullet Technique – The bullet technique involves using a bullet weight, just like the ones that bass fishermen use when making a Carolina rig. A bullet weight is slipped onto your line and a barrel swivel is then tied to the end of the line. A twelve to twenty four inch leader is now tied to the other side of the barrel swivel and your streamer is tied to the end of the leader. This rig can now be cast out and retrieved with a starting and stopping motion. The bullet technique is effective in both lake and river trout fishing scenarios. The size of the bullet weight will vary depending on water depth, current flow, etc. Experimentation will be necessary to determine the proper amount of weight for the particular situation that you are fishing in.

The bottom line is that if you fish for trout with traditional spin fishing gear, streamers can not only be used but can be used effectively and one or both aforementioned techniques should be added to your trout fishing repertoire sooner rather than later.
Source by Trevor Kugler

struisbaai harbour wall

Struisbaai Harbour Wall – Fishing For Everyone

Struisbaai Harbour Wall – Fishing For Everyone

Struisbaai harbour wall has always been a special place for anglers of all ages coming to this lovely seaside village from all over South Africa. During summer weekends and holiday season the wall is generally packed with anglers of all ages enjoying a wide variety of fishing techniques. The harbour wall is a safe and secure place (most of the times) where a lot of angling wisdom is shared, experience gained and the love for the sport of fishing passed down from one angler to another.

Struisbaai harbour wall is an interesting angling spot as it offers such a wide variety of fish species to target. It is a place where toddlers get their first feel for a rod and reel, and get to touch a puffer fish for the first time. It is also a place where the big boys with the big tackle come to hunt massive stingrays and huge raggies. In between all that you can expect to find elf, garrick, cob, musselcracker, smaller sharks, grunters and kolsterte.

Family Fun

Many a mom, dad or grandparent have taken the young angler to this safe angling spot and introduced them to the sport of rock and surf angling. I wonder how many chilfren have caught their first fish from the harbour wall? Taking a light rod and reel or a handline and using sardine or chokka for bait these youngsters hone their angling skills on puffer fish, strepies, kolsterte, tjor-tjor and maasbankers.

Elf on the Wall!!

Many a summer evening, on the outgoing tide, the wall resembles a porcupine with quills standing erect as the anglers, young and old, gather for the elf run, and also hoping to get a fast swimming garrick. The favourite bait is a whole sardine slowly trawled on the inside of the harbour. With the elf around it normally does not take long for any angler to get their bag limit.

Garrick / Leervis

From January to March you will see quite a few anglers throwing spinners and top water poppers from the rocks in fronth of the harbour wall hoping for a massive strike and a hard fight . Garrick from 5-20kg are normally around early in the morning or late afternoon, feasting on the elf in the sheltered harbour water. Some anglers prefer running a live elf out on the right hand side into the bay, hoping for garrick or a cob.

Other Edibles

Cob, kolsterte and spotted grunters are the other main targeted species during the months of Nov to March, but the odd white musselcracker, galjoen and belman are also landed. The spotted grunters are normally caught in the shallower waters at the 2nd and 3rd lamppole on very light tackle using prawn or sardine tail as the bait.

The average size of the cob are between 2 and 5kg, but quite a few biggies over 20kg are landed on a regular basis. The best time for kob is at night using chokka and / or sardine or running some live mullet or maasbanker. Once a cob is hooked it is best to work the fish towards the sandy beach between the harbour wall and Die Las as the rocks in front of the harbour has ended many a fight with a line parting.

Sharks and Rays

We all know that Struisbaai harbour is home to a few massive black stingrays weighing well over 120 kg’s, but it is the area just in front of the harbour wall and to the right where huge black rays as well as smaller blue rays and duckbill rays are regularly caught. Many an angler has overestimated his own prowess and tackle capabilities only to have a knot come unraveled, a line break, rod snap or reel bust trying to take on these sea bulldozers.

Stingrays are caught during the day and night, and chokka or fish heads seams to work the best for these bottom feeders. Rhe smaller rayus atre awesome fun on light tackle, but for the big black stingrays you would need a rod with a strong backbone, at least .45 line, a decent reel and lots of energy as most of the fights lasts up to 4 hours.

The best time to fish for sharks are at night time. Some anglers target smaller shark species like smooth hounds and spotted gully sharks, or even South Africa’s very own pajama cat shark, while other angler slide out big baits for spotted ragged tooth sharks over 150kg that frequent this area, or hoping for a big bronzie or tope shark to land.

The preferred bait for the smaller sharks are a live mullet or maasbanker, or fish fillets and chokka, but with the latter the small fry normally have a feast and you have to replace bait on a regular basis. For the bigger sharks most of the anglers slide yellowtail or cape salmon heads or half a skipjack, You can also slide a big maasbanker or smaller elf with success.

A Few Rules

1) Remember, you are not allowed to use a throw net inside the harbour at any time. Rather use small baited hooks to catch mullet or maasbankers.

2) Please keep the harbour wall clean. There is a big drum provided for all your rubbish.

3) Watch out for children and other anglers when throwing your bait. No one enjoys a hook in the ear or worse.

4) Be considerate towards other angler. Don’t push in or throw over their lines.

5) Keep to the size and bag limits. If you are not going to eat it or use it for bait, throw it back.

6) The rocks are slippery and dangerous when going to gaff a fish. I don’t think you want to be in the water with a 200kg raggie!

7) Be careful of the water!! Watch the waves.

8) You are not allowed to drive onto the harbour wall with your car, bakkie or scooter.

Struisbaai harbour wall will provide you with endless hours of pure angling joy, even those times when the fish don’t want to bite. The idea for Overberg Angling was born on that wall one night while waiting for some action, and the harbour wall holds many other great memories for me, my family and friends. Hopefully you too will soon enjoy this very special angling spot at the southern tip of Africa.
Struisbaai Harbour Wall – Fishing For Everyone
Source by Stefano Schoonees

salt water fishing

Salt Water Fishing – Variations in Fishing

Variation in fishing modes are primarily caused by different factors such as, distinctive areas, type of water where the activity is performed, and the kind of fish targeted. The use of different kinds of equipments is necessary, for different ways of catching fish.Through time, Fishing tackles and techniques have been developed and improved to specialize for one activity or another particular task. And in order to catch up to the demands in the markets and sustain the increasing needs, salt water fishing is practiced in the oceans of the entire world as well as on the internal seas.

The addition to the number of saltwater fish species also calls for an increase variety of fish tackles. A diversification on tackles, lures, baits, and other gear items was primarily rooted to the specificity of salt water fishing. Furthermore, aside from the factors mentioned, there are still other factors the affects salt water fishing; the differences in water depths, the swings in water temperatures, as well as the light reflective properties according to the purity level.

Despite the expertise of an individual fishing in the fresh water and to point out the skills learned and the fishing talents developed, one would definitely be challenged to the difference in it to salt water fishing. To further discuss, different class of saltwater lures needs different kinds of fishing lines. The fishing equipments and devices influence one another and would definitely require modifications and adjustment, not to mention the influence that may be caused by the environment and fauna.

Monofilament fishing line is the best choice for any lure, both economical and quality casting range, if one prefers salt water fishing. Its advantages counts from the versatility as it accept and work properly with all lures. Another thing is, it can be weighted with numerous sinkers in order to take the fishing line down to the depths of the ocean you want it to get. Not to mention the cheap prize and its availability in the local stores for fishing tackles and bait shops.

There have been few mentioned detriments of monofilament line which made it inefficient in such number of salt water fishing lures. Other fishermen have concluded its most upsetting disadvantage was, what they would call its lack of responsiveness. Due to its stiffness, it coils in the spool making it hard for an individual to cast a distance. Despite this, monofilament fishing line is still the most highly recommended among other varieties of salt water fishing.

abu garcia fishing reels

Abu Garcia Fishing Reels Review

Abu Garcia Fishing Reels Review

The Abu Garcia Cardinal 302 RD Spinning Reel Review

Although I enjoy all types of fishing, coarse angling has always held a special appeal for me. I like the variety of species a fisherman can stalk as well as the specialised gear required. I’m particularly fond of fishing for pike. To me, this fish is a worthy opponent. For that reason, I want my coarse fishing tackle to be absolutely top shelf. One reel I’ve recently added to my tackle arsenal is the Abu Garcia Cardinal 302 RD spinning reel. Read on for a brief review of this reel, which helps me increase my chance of landing a wily pike.

About the Abu Garcia Cardinal 302 RD Reel

There’s nothing worse than a problem with your gear when you have a fish on the line. Well, I’ve found that this reel from Abu Garcia performs flawlessly, especially when you consider its reasonable price, just 44.99. Recently reworked, the 302 RD has a number of key features, some of which compare favourably with higher priced reels. The reel is sturdily built and quite good looking, with an attractive metallic green finish. The 302 RD features five bearings and a quality brass pinion gear for reliable performance under the most difficult angling conditions.

Features of the Abu Garcia Cardinal 302 RD Reel

With some reels, line twist can be a problem. Not so with the Cardinal 302’s oversized line roller. Line tangles also are a thing of the past, thanks to the spool’s aluminium skirt. A feature I demand on all my reels is instant anti-reverse for positive hook setting. Fewer fish get away when I’m using this the Cardinal 302 RD. Because I’m out for pike, I need a reliable reel that lets me change the drag tension on the fly, in the midst of a challenging fight. The click-type drag adjustment on the 302 RD’s is crisp and precise, even with a large fish on the line. The folding aluminium reel handle is reversible and has a soft-touch knob that’s extremely comfortable. With a graphite body, the reel is tough and built to last.

A Few Specifications

The gearing of the 302 RD is 5.1:1. With a line capacity of up to 200 metres of yards of 4 pound test mono filament line, the reel weighs just 10.2 ounces. If you’re using 6 pound test mono, the reel will hold 175 metres. It comes in a protective soft case and includes a spare graphite spool. The spool is perforated to help reduce the reel’s overall weight.

About Abu Garcia

For over three generations, Abu Garcia has been building high-quality fishing tackle. The company ensures that all gear is thoroughly tested and perfected under the most difficult angling conditions and venues. Abu Garcia has been named “Purveyor To The Royal Swedish Court,” an honour that few companies achieve.

If you’re looking for a great piece of coarse fishing tackle, I highly recommend the Abu Garcia Cardinal 302 RD reel.

Cheap Abu Garcia Fishing Reels – Great Examples of Superior Engineering Design

Everyone’s talking about the new light emitting Esca Lures.

Buy these exciting new Esca Lures online at – www.escalure.co.uk

Cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels are great examples of excellent engineering precision that uses only top-class advanced materials. These high-quality reels are versatile, long-lasting, cleverly designed, and loaded with practical features to ensure that you’ll always have a smooth and productive fishing experience. That’s the reason why both expert and novice anglers mostly prefer these cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels compared to others.

Fishing reels are primarily used in tandem with a fishing rod, or it could also be mounted on the upper edge of a boat. They’re used to release and retrieve your fishing line using a spool device, which are attached to a mid shaft system. The common types of reels include the spinning reel, spin casting reel, and bait casting reel.

The Abu Garcia Company, which was formed in Svangsta, Sweden in 1921, was originally a manufacturer of watches. But through the direct supervision of Gote Borgstrom, this company was able to successfully focus their effort in producing highly engineered fishing reels. And it really paid off. Now, Abu Garcia fishing reels are widely recognized and preferred by most anglers.

The different types of cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels are available in round bait casting reels, spinning reels, and spin cast reels. Most of these devices are fitted with anti-reverse systems, sturdy metal parts, lightweight materials, and are constantly upgraded to top off the features of their former models.

Their Ambassador C3 Series is one of their bestselling products up to today. This series is composed of bait casting reels, which are perfect if you’re going to do some bass fishing. It’s mostly reserved for pros, but beginners are still more than welcome to try this series out. The C3 Series reels have built-in stainless steel ball bearings that come in handy when you want to experience smooth casting. The anti-reverse system is one of the most important features that you could really benefit from. This is to guarantee that your reel handle will not stir backwards whenever you’re not operating it, thus, prolonging the lifespan of your device.

The Abumatic Under-spin Series spin casting reels are taken to the next level by using Titanium nitride line guide and hassle-free spool dragging structures. It is pre-spooled with Berkley Trilene XL line, which is a high-grade mono-line that deter any unwanted knotting, coiling, and reduces backlashes.

The prices of these devices would normally range from $34.95 to $279.95, depending on the model and type. But if you’re not willing to pay that sum of money, you could always scout over at eBay for cheaper Abu Garcia reels, which averagely costs around $14.99-$118. Some of these products might or might not contain defects, so you should be prepared for the different risks involved.

Whatever you level of experience or type of fishing you’re going to do, there are always Abu Garcia fishing reels, rods, and lures that are built to suit your needs and preferences. Cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels are really worth the investment.

Cheap Abu Garcia Fishing Reels – Great Examples of Superior Engineering Design

Cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels are great examples of excellent engineering precision that uses only top-class advanced materials. These high-quality reels are versatile, long-lasting, cleverly designed, and loaded with practical features to ensure that you’ll always have a smooth and productive fishing experience. That’s the reason why both expert and novice anglers mostly prefer these cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels compared to others.

Fishing reels are primarily used in tandem with a fishing rod, or it could also be mounted on the upper edge of a boat. They’re used to release and retrieve your fishing line using a spool device, which are attached to a mid shaft system. The common types of reels include the spinning reel, spin casting reel, and bait casting reel.

The Abu Garcia Company, which was formed in Svangsta, Sweden in 1921, was originally a manufacturer of watches. But through the direct supervision of Gote Borgstrom, this company was able to successfully focus their effort in producing highly engineered fishing reels. And it really paid off. Now, Abu Garcia fishing reels are widely recognized and preferred by most anglers.

The different types of cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels are available in round bait casting reels, spinning reels, and spin cast reels. Most of these devices are fitted with anti-reverse systems, sturdy metal parts, lightweight materials, and are constantly upgraded to top off the features of their former models.

Their Ambassador C3 Series is one of their bestselling products up to today. This series is composed of bait casting reels, which are perfect if you’re going to do some bass fishing. It’s mostly reserved for pros, but beginners are still more than welcome to try this series out. The C3 Series reels have built-in stainless steel ball bearings that come in handy when you want to experience smooth casting. The anti-reverse system is one of the most important features that you could really benefit from. This is to guarantee that your reel handle will not stir backwards whenever you’re not operating it, thus, prolonging the lifespan of your device.

The Abumatic Under-spin Series spin casting reels are taken to the next level by using Titanium nitride line guide and hassle-free spool dragging structures. It is pre-spooled with Berkley Trilene XL line, which is a high-grade mono-line that deter any unwanted knotting, coiling, and reduces backlashes.

The prices of these devices would normally range from $34.95 to $279.95, depending on the model and type. But if you’re not willing to pay that sum of money, you could always scout over at eBay for cheaper Abu Garcia reels, which averagely costs around $14.99-$118. Some of these products might or might not contain defects, so you should be prepared for the different risks involved.

Whatever you level of experience or type of fishing you’re going to do, there are always Abu Garcia fishing reels, rods, and lures that are built to suit your needs and preferences. Cheap Abu Garcia fishing reels are really worth the investment.

Find the best and the cheapest fishing tackle here at www.innovativefishingtackle.co.uk
Source by Escalure Fishing Tackle

Fishing Rods and Reels

If you enjoy fishing then you will want to ensure that you have the correct equipment to guarantee that you have more chance of catching the fish. Buying the right types of fishing rods and reels can be daunting but if you research well then you will find the perfect rods reels and fishing equipment. If you have been fishing before then you may be simply looking for a better rod or you may be starting from the beginning and will need everything. Whatever your needs finding a good fishing equipment shop is essential.

You will have to consider your needs and budget before you go looking for fishing rods and reels you need to decide what type of fishing you are interested in. Buying the wrong type of rod for the fish you want to catch can result in the whole trip being a disaster. You also don’t want to waste money by buying a rod that you do not need. Once you have decided where you want to fish and what fish you are looking at catching then you can think about your budget. There are rods reels and equipment for every budget and you need to decide on yours and stick to it.

Although you may think that one rod is enough you will find that you do begin to struggle with this once you get more experienced. There are many different scenarios which will call for the use of different types of fishing rods and reels. You should try to by a couple of different rods to give you options when out fishing. Experienced fisherman will often have up to 5 or 6 different rods and this will enable them to catch more fish. There are several different rods reels combinations which you can try.

Spinning tackle is one of the most popular types to purchase and can be used to cast long distances they are very versatile and great for the beginner. The reel on this rod is attached under the rod which makes it very easy to use. Another very similar type of fishing rods and reels is the spin casting combination these rods will help to stop snagging and tangling of the line. In this design the reel is clamped to the top of the rod which may take some getting used to. Fly rods are very large and should be used when you are slightly more experienced. They are very flexible and can help to cast out great lengths.

There are many different fishing rods and reels and knowing which ones to choose can be difficult but if you are in any doubt then ask the professionals. Visiting a tackle shop and speaking to the staff about the type of fishing you want to do can help. They will be able to advise you on the best rods reels and equipment to buy. Once you begin fishing you will find it a very relaxing sport and as you get more experienced you can add to your tackle and rods. You will be surprised how much equipment you can find useful for a simple days fishing.

reef fishing

Saltwater Reef Fishing – How to Catch Fish by Reefs

When you ask about reef fishing I am assuming you refer to bait fishing over a reef. This is a very popular form of fishing in the southeastern waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The first key is to find the reefs, there are certainly many of them available. A depth finder certainly aids in this effort. You can also purchase maps that will give you gps coordinates of many of the major reefs. Like all forms of fishing there is nothing one hundred percent constant about reef fishing. A particular reef may hold many fish one day and not very many another day. The major reefs however are much more reliable and generally always hold large amounts of fish.

Another prime consideration is the weather, mainly the wind and direction and speed of the current and tide. You need to be able to keep your boat over the reef and you need to keep the boat steady enough to fish comfortably and successfully. This is a matter of experience fishing the water you are near.

I do not suggest renting boat and fishing reefs over unfamiliar waters. Reef fishing is for experienced captains, hire a guide in waters you are not familiar with.

The equipment you use will often make or break a reef fishing excursion. You absolutely must have a very stout heavy action fishing rod if you plan to catch anything of decent size. A free spooling trolling reel is preferred but you can get by with spinning gear. The reel must however be able to hold amounts of heavy test line. I recommend using braided line when reef .

Braided line offers three very important advantages for this type of fishing. First braided line is much more abrasion resistant than monofilament lines. Your line will constantly be brushing against the reef and needs to be strong. Secondly braided line is much smaller in diameter than monofilament line of the same weight class. You can fit much more line in a reel; a very important factor is reef fishing. Finally braided line has much less stretch than monofilament line which as you will learn later is important.

Your rig should consist of a large egg shaped sinker slid through the line. Attach a strong high quality swivel to the line just below the sinker. At this point you will use a leader of about twelve to twenty four inches. Attach a large hook to the rig and you are ready to fish. It is wise to have several rigs premade as you will often need to switch out rigs that have become frayed or worse yet broken off.

Reef fishing is done at of near the bottom, depending on which species you are attempting to catch. You should release your line until the sinker reaches the bottom. Then you generally want to retrieve your line so the bait rests a foot or two off the bottom. You can use a variety of baits.

Live shrimp, crabs, mullet and a variety of other fish work well. In the absence of live bait you can also use cut pieces of fish with amazing effectiveness. Just make sure the cut fish is fresh and not frozen or rancid.
Source by Daniel Eggertsen

weiss lake

Weiss Lake Alabama Crappie Fishing Guide

Weiss Lake Alabama is one of the most popular places to go crappie fishing in North America. With a little over four hundred and forty miles of shoreline the Weiss Lake is famous for its crappies that average between 2 and 3 pounds.

In fact, it is so well-known for it’s crappie that it has earned the name “Crappie Capital of the World”. One of the reasons why Weiss Lake is full of crappie is because it has the perfect habitat for this species to grow and thrive.

You will find many deep channels, drop-offs, coves and shallow flats located all through Weiss Lake. These areas are prefect for the crappie and they will be full of this species making it easy for anyone to reel in a nice catch. Therefore, search for crappie in these areas and you are sure to experience a great day out on the lake fishing.

If you enjoy the outdoors and love fishing then you should visit Weiss Lake in Centre Alabama at least once. It is a wonderful place to spend your vacation and do some amazing crappie fishing. It’s perfect for families to go out and enjoy fun on the water or for the serious angler who wants to take part in some fast action reeling in the crappies.

Anglers are always treated very well everywhere up and down this area because the Weiss Lake fishery is one of the major influences when it comes to economics in Cherokee County. Lake Weiss is an “Alabama Power Company hydroelectric impoundment” located on the border of Alabama and Georgia and it covers 30,200 acres.

Rules and Regulations

When fishing in Lake Weiss you need to follow the rules and regulations of the lake. Keep in mind that parts of the lake is regulated by Alabama and part is regulated by Georgia so it is important that you learn what rules apply to both states before going out crappie fishing. When it comes to crappie fishing on this lake there are two special rules that you need to remember and they are listed below.

“It shall be unlawful for any angler to fish with more than three rods and reels, or poles, or any combination thereof on Weiss Reservoir or Neely Henry Lake, at any time;”

“It is illegal to possess crappie less than 10-inches in total length;”

Here are a few more of the Alabama rules and regulations for fishing on Lake Weiss.

“It is a violation of Alabama law for any person to transport more than one day’s creel limit of game fish beyond the boundaries of this state.”

“It is a violation of Alabama law for any person to fillet a fish while fishing, or to possess fillets of fish while on public waters except when fish are being prepared for immediate cooking and consumption; provided however, that fish may be drawn or gutted with heads left attached.”

You must have an Alabama fishing license to fish on Weiss Lake when on the Alabama portion and a Georgia license when fishing in their state.

If you do a lot of fishing on the Lake it is suggested that you get both fishing licenses to be on the safe side. You can go online and download the complete list of rules and regulations that apply to fishing on Lake Weiss to make sure you know exactly what is expected.
Source by Daniel Eggertsen

water hardness

Water Hardness Affects Fish Health

Water hardness is an important measurement when determining the water quality, as well as fish health. This also affects the pH level that may become toxic to fish and other life forms in the water.

What is water hardness? It is the concentration of metal ions like magnesium, zinc, iron, and calcium, which come from rainwater. Most water contain only calcium and magnesium salts.

The two types of hardness are permanent hardness and alkalinity. Both types of hardness is referred to as total hardness. Hardness that comes from the composition of carbonate and bicarbonate ions is called alkalinity or temporary hardness. This is termed as temporary hardness because it can be eliminated by boiling the water. On the other hand, permanent hardness cannot be resolved by boiling the water alone because it is the accumulation of sulphates, nitrates, and other hard metals.

Most water supplies have the same hardness and alkalinity levels. Although water hardness and buffering are relative, it should be comprehensible that the hardness is only caused by calcium and magnesium ions while buffering is the product of bicarbonate and carbonate ions. Such similarities are attached to them because both are products of calcium and magnesium carbonates.

The water quality may change from time to time. One good way to oversee if the quality has changed or not both in local water and pond water is to test its hardness. Test kits are designed to measure the water hardness, while ph buffers are used to balance the pH when the water has turned alkaline or acidic. This can help you diagnose the water quality that may affect the fish health.

Different species of fish thrive in various water hardness, so it is important to distinguish the appropriate hardness before starting a fish pond or water garden pond. It is important, though, to use the right types of fish pond supplies. Common pond fish such as as kois and goldfish require moderate to hard water. The maximum hardness for many pond fish is between 100 – 300 mg/litre CaCO3

Why does water hardness mean so much in fish health? This is because the water hardness may affect the osmoregulation. Fish are influenced by the surrounding water. Osmosis or the movement of water molecules can make fresh water fish vulnerable to flooding water, while marine fish suffer from effluence of water.

Fish body has natural regulator against osmosis which is referred to as osmoregulation. The more the fish releases fluids for osmoregulation increases the osmotic effect. Thus, fish diseases are sometime triggered by water hardness when fish can no longer cope with the increased osmoregulation.

How do you modify the water hardness to keep your fish healthy? It is important to regulate the water’s alkalinity regularly for a month to closely monitor the changes in the health of fish. If the alkalinity or general hardness is lower than the optimum level it can be solved by adding oyster of more buffers. If alkalinity is too low, a carbonate buffer will do; while very low general hardness can be resolved by adding calcium or magnesium buffer.
Source by Tyra Robertson

building boats

Building Boats With Plywood – Easy And Cheap

Of all the materials used to assemble boats, plywood is one of the least expensive. Boats offer fun for the whole family; being on the pond, lake, river, or ocean provides relaxation and is a great way to get to the big fish and fresh air of the great outdoors. Building your own boat offers a less expensive way to obtain a boat. Building boats also offers fun challenges for the builders.

The internet provides a great resource for free boat plans made out of plywood, with plans are available for most types of vessels. Typing “free plywood boat plans” into Google reveals over five million results! To narrow the search down, focus on a particular type of boat, like canoes. Searching Google for “free plywood canoe plans” offers over fifty thousand results. Perusing the results of this search identifies blueprints, detailed instructions, and even videos describing the building of canoes. One easily locatable set of free canoe plans details how to transfer dimensions onto plywood, cut the plywood to make long panels, assemble the hull with epoxy and fiberglass, then install reinforcements. As these plans indicate, an easily built boat requires a few easy to get materials and a few tools, the ability to learn and follow instructions, and practice and patience.

The materials used in building boats include plywood, epoxy, duct tape, sand paper and nails or screws. The tools required include a circular saw and a jig saw, a hammer, a drill, a batten, a measuring tape, saw-horses, and a good set of plans. Some plywood boats will use paddles while some boats will use outboard motors.

Everyone has the ability to learn, so anyone can be successful at building a boat. All it takes is a detailed plan or set of blueprints, describing how to build a particular boat. Simply follow the instructions, step by step, to build your boat. Boat plans are generally loaded with technical boat building terms like butt block, batten and scribing; to learn about these terms, simply type them into Google for an in depth definition.

Typically, beginner builders will not be able to jump into building perfect looking boats. It takes practice and patience. To get practice, pick an easy, low-cost boat to build, like a canoe, and practice making cuts and using epoxy, using the methods described in the plans. The first boat built will not be perfect or pretty, but in all likelihood it will be fairly functional. As you grow in experience the boats built will become prettier and easier to build. Building a boat takes patience; it takes time to learn how to properly spread epoxy and it takes work to sand epoxy, making it shine. Plenty of practice and patience turn beginners into experts.

Many different watercrafts can be made with plywood. Detailed plans can be found online for building plywood canoes, kayaks, jon boats and fishing boats. Building boats provide unique challenges, often offering as much fun as using the boat. Before delving into building boats it is advisable to research how to read and interpret blueprints, watch some online videos on how to build boats and purchase the necessary tools. With practice and experience, plywood boats are inexpensive and easy to assemble. Have fun building your plywood boat!
Source by Greg St.Clair

Catch Sand Worms

How to Catch Sand Worms in the Surf

How to Catch Sand Worms in the Surf

Catch sand worms to use as fishing bait is both fun and frustrating at the same time. It needs patience and practice to develop the skill. But a successful catch makes the effort worthwhile since freshly caught live sand worms are one of the best baits to use particularly for the novice or young angler.

Now let me explain why one would attempt to catch sand worms when it can be so frustrating. Here are the reasons:

• Worms are easy to bait on the hook.

• Fresh bait always catches more fish.

• Worms are great for surf fishing because they stays on hook even in rough condition.

• They are good bait for fish that kids love to catch whiting, dart, or bream.

Now it is time to list what you need.

1. Smelly burley; (This could be old ham or fish bones);

2. Net bag, sharp stick about.5 metre, metre of cord or light rope;

3. A small piece of a Pipi (shellfish) or ham as bait for the worm and

4. A bait box around your waist.

The burley is placed in the string bag; the rope ties the opening of the bag up while the other end is attached to the sharp stick. (The net bag allows the water to flow over the burley giving off its smell to attract the worm to the surface of the sand).

To catch sand worms you need:

• Outgoing tide nearing low tide;

• A flat, quiet beach, with a long shallow run-in and run-out.

Once you find an appropriate spot, swirl your burley bag, back and forth in the water, as the water comes in and recedes; moving in and out with the water. As the water recedes, look for:

• Arrowhead or V formation in the water as the water recedes;

• Lots of little fingers/hairs arched above the sand at the arrowhead.

Once you spot the worm, this is what you do:

• Place the pointed stick deep in the sand above the V formation so that it allows the burley to continue to attract the worm.

• Move carefully to the side of the V formation.

• Put your piece of pipi just beach side of the V formation.

• Watch for the arching of the back by the worm as it grabs your piece of pipi.

• Keep the pipi still.

• Then, slip your finger and thumb of your other hand slowly into sand around the worm without touching it;

• Then, squeeze slowly.

• Hold the worm firmly until it has arched it back and relaxed.

• Then pull the worm vertically, but slowly, to prevent breakage.

• You may need to hold still when the worm pulls downwards a second time until it relaxes.

• Now, place the worm in some dry sand in your bait box.

Once you have enough for your requirements, you need to put the worms you intend to use as bait in dry sand and then clean off the sand to make them ready to use.

If you need to preserve the worms for later use, again wrap them in dry sand; clean off the sand. Do this until the worms are dry. Then pack them in a container with new dry sand and store in cool place. They will usually be alive for the next day. Remember live worms are the best bait.
Source by Richard D Boyce

Red Snapper

Georgia Red Snapper – The Best of All Bottom Fishing

I’ve been Charter Fishing for many, many years. As a Georgia Charter Fishing Guide running over 15 trips each season to Georgia’s 40 Mile live bottom (AKA Brunswick Snapper Banks) over the past 15 years, proves this 2009 spring season far better than years past for big (Mule) Red Snapper.

After an hour of the 4-stroke outboards humming on our 31 Contender, we approached the R-5 Navy Tower 34 miles off the beaches of St. Simons Island in coastal Georgia. We stopped in pretty close for a bait check around the tower legs. Thousands of peanut cigar minnows surrounded the north tower legs allowing an easy bait-up for our crew, so we picked up 50 or so and pressed eastward toward the Snapper Banks.

Anyone who reads my articles knows I am a bottom fisherman of many targets. After all the great bottom I have fished, this day would be different. Markings on the color scope like I have never seen. The bottom literally “Blew up as we idled up to our destination and zeroed out. The entire crew stared in amazement at the color scope like we were possessed. A hidden photo shot would have been priceless as all of us stood stared at the bottom machine with our mouths hanging open in dead silence. Finally, I broke the trance. “Man, this is gonna’ be ugly!”

This mark was on a 10-ft. ledge at the Brunswick Snapper Banks and for some reason this ledge always tends to hold more fish than any other in the area and it’s no secret number. It’s on any chart you pick up from the Georgia DNR. This intense marking rose 45 ft. off the bottom. It was textbook. The “fire engine red” marking stacked up high off the live bottom like this at a sharp angle into the current. Something any bottom fisherman seeks on any given fishing day.

After a scurrying rampage to get the rigs snapped on, we re-approached and positioned perfectly on top of the marking in 117 ft., the first drop to the bottom didn’t quite make it. At about 100 ft., the Ugly Stik 30-60 Rod dumped over the gunwale and pinned our client to the stern of the Contender. “Fish On!” was about all he could manage to grunt as we all screamed for him to reel, reel, reel! Hold your rod up high! The seemingly long, but brutal battle produced a 30-inch Red Snapper for our first fish of the day. What a beauty…

As I photographed the fish and angler, another scream and feet shuffling told me another Snapper had again pinned someone to the side of the boat. This round was won by an angler who boated a Gag Grouper about 17 pounds after a furious fight on a lighter Rod that we had originally rigged for Vermilion Snapper. I don’t know how the 3/0 light wire hook didn’t bend or break under the pressure of the deep water Grouper, but she held and the angler landed the fish.

I fish with my reels locked down almost as tight as the drag will go. When you hook up with a big bottom fish, you don’t want any line to leave your reel. Lock those drags down tight, keep your rod up high and hold on! It’s you and him head to head, no drag.

After that Grouper, we decided we had better change out all the rods rigged for Vermilion Snapper as the leader was 60 pound and the hooks were 3/0 medium. I didn’t want to take the chance of losing a large Mule or a giant Gag, so we rigged up with 100 pound mono leader and larger hooks.

“A limit of Georgia Red Snapper”

We had a legal limit of Mule Red Snapper in short order and I could tell my boy’s finally had enough. We were releasing 30 inch fish by that point. Our crew begged for those big Mule Snapper to quit biting! After a total of 18, the tide changed and the Vermilion Snapper bite turned on. The crew were relieved as their rods bent only half of what they had been with the Mules.

A limit of Vermilion Snapper was obviously not going to be problem, but as each three pound “bee-liner” hit the deck, it got quieter, until finally my crew had enough of catching fish that day. There is a sense of satisfaction when everyone agrees their arms and back simply can’t function properly enough to catch another fish! I don’t see this as a problem. I see it as mission accomplished…..

You don’t need any “special” numbers to catch fish on Georgia’s 40 – Mile Bottom. Go by the DNR office in Brunswick Georgia and pick up the public chart, or pick up the phone and give them a call. There are plenty of good numbers marking ledges and outcrops that are holding plenty of large Red Snapper and Vermilion Snapper. This season has simply been a “stellar” year for bottom fishing and this rings true for Savannah Georgia and many other places on the East Coast according to reports from other Georgia Fishing Guides and Fishing Charter boats.

If you haven’t been bottom fishing and you would like to learn, there are a few things you’ll need to know about. First of all, the fish need to be of legal size. Depending on what State you are in, it’s usually 20 inches. Be sure and check your bag limit, too. In Georgia, it’s (2) Red Snapper per Angler. Florida rules are different and seasons apply in certain area’s as well.

The process of releasing deep water bottom fish is critical. When releasing an undersized fish or over the limit fish, you must deflate the air bladder of the fish to allow him a safe return to the bottom. Otherwise, he’ll normally float on the surface and eventually die. There are small tools referred to as “de-flators” or “vent tools”. Learn where and how to vent bottom fish properly for release. There are many articles all across the internet about venting procedures for bottom fish.

“The Arsenal”

When you’re pitching to big deep water fish, you need a big bat to hit with. There is no better bottom fishing rod than an Ugly Stik in my book. Here is my rig for Mules.

– Ugly Stik 30-60 or 40-80 Rod

– Penn 4/0 High Speed Senator Reel loaded with 80 pound braided line.

– 9/0 Redfishone Brand Circle Hook

– 6 ft. of 100 pound Monofilament leader

– 12 oz. Bank Lead

– 90 Pound Snap Swivel

You can use the same rod and reel for Vermilion Snapper but you might change your terminal tackle a bit. Use 60 pound mono leader and (2) 5/0 circle hooks. Some anglers use one hook rigs, me included, but if they’re biting well and you’re not on the verge of being worn out, use 2 hooks to produce numbers of fish.

If the fish are finicky, we’ll rig with a single 3/0 straight hook so I can actually set the hook instead of depending on the circle hook to do the job for me. When it comes to hooks and their styles and sizing for each fish, it’s personal preference once you have learned the game, so choose your poison.

Your best bet for bait is live Spanish sardines, but many anglers do not have the luxury of catching 50 sardines before a trip. Frozen Sardines, Boston Mackerel and whole squid can all be purchased the day before your trip. Also, many anglers use bucktail jigs and other lures to entice Snapper and Grouper to the hook.

Whatever you choose, take your kids fishing. They are future of the sport. Tight Lines and Good Fishing to all!
Source by Richie Lott