Tackle Selection for Trout Fishing

Modern day trout fishermen have a wealth of fishing tackle to choose from, and much of it thoroughly adaptable to any situation in trout fishing. Spinning and fly fishing equipment seem to be the most popular. Everyone has a different idea as to which bait or method is the best for catching trout. Anything that works is good, I will assume you would like a basic outfit to get started. An acceptable starter trout fishing outfit would include:

    an ultra light, fast action spinning rod between 4 and 5 feet long,
    a light duty spinning or spincasting reel outfitted with 4 to 6 pound test line.
    #10 to #14 regular shank bronze hooks
    a few small split shot for those rare occasions when you need to get your bait down in swift water, and a canvas creel and a small knife.

Of the two types of gear, spinning is most frequently used by trout fishermen. Several important points should be kept in mind when selecting spinning tackle for this type of fishing. Ultra-light equipment is usually preferred because of its usefulness for casting very light and small baits and lures. It is also best at handling light monofilament line of 6-pound test or less, and it allows for the maximum excitement when fighting a trout. About any type of spinning reel will work as long as it is balanced with the rod. The rod should have a quick, sensitive action of 5 to 6 feet in length and be capable of using lures of one-sixteenth ounce and baits of that weight or less.

Standard spinning rods and reels can be used very effectively to fish with spinners and spoons or with bait. A vest or small tackle box containing a dozen or more spoons and spinners of different sizes and color patterns will usually be sufficient. For bait fishing you should obtain egg hooks in sizes 10-12, bobbers or bubbles for weight and flotation, and slip-sinkers plus split shot.

Backpacking rods that break down to short lengths to fit within a typical pack are available at most sporting goods or hiking equipment stores. Some backpacking rods will double as spinning or fly rods fairly well. Very little rod effectiveness is sacrificed for spinning or bait-casting, but most combination rods are only moderately good (at best) for fly fishing. Trolling flies can be easily done with these outfits.

Fly fishing and trout are synonymous. Tackle for this type of angling comes in a vast array of styles and models, like most fishing equipment. But there are some important considerations for a comfortable experience. The rod, reel, and line should be matched — use the manufactuer’s recommendation that is listed on the rod. In general, a 7 1/2 to 8 foot flyrod with medium to slow action is just about ideal for Iowa trout fishing. The reel is least important since it merely stores the line; pick one that suits you best. Fly lines come in various weights and styles. Again, use what you are happiest with. A leader, preferably tapered, with a 3-pound test tippet should be attached to the heavy line — there are small barbed eyelets available to do so.

Fly fishing can be very effective in the high lakes under many weather conditions. Back-casting room is often a problem, though, unless you go to the effort to bring in a small raft or float tube. Typical fly rods and reels that you would use in low lakes or streams will work, with the main concern being rod length when broken down while hiking. Medium-weight lines (5-7 wt.) will handle most conditions for casting and presentation, while long leaders (12’+) work better than short ones. Leader tippets should be as small as possible, while maintaining 2-3 pounds breaking strength.

Trolling requires a raft, float tube or similar device. Medium-priced inflatable vinyl rafts are available at many sporting goods outlets. A one-person raft may weigh about 5-7 pounds and have moderate durability (two to four years). More expensive rafts are available, providing greater durability, carrying capacity and less weight. Be sure to wear additional flotation (a PFD) while in a raft or other water craft, as a puncture in mid-lake creates a sinking feeling and a substantial risk of hypothermia and drowning. This is especially serious as mountain lakes are very cold. Don’t count on swimming far in water that’s typically less than 50 degrees.

Other potentially valuable gear includes: needle-nose pliers, hemostat or other gripping device for removing hooks; line clippers; knife; point-and-shoot camera; sunscreen; insect repellant; first-aid kit; and all standard hiking safety gear.

Source by Jay Bryce

How To Catch Any Fish – Calico Bass

Calico Bass Description

Calico bass (also known as kelp bass) live in kelp forests primarily in Southern California and Baja. They are a scrappy fish that averages about 1-3lbs and maxes out in the low double digits. They hit hard for their size and if you are not careful they will go back in the kelp and wrap up your line. I have fond memories of scrambling on rocks in Southern California and Baja Mexico trying to find good spots to cast for these guys. Later on I fished for them from party boats in Southern California and pangas in Baja.

Calico bass taste good but they are slow-growing so I generally release them. You can handle them easily by grasping their lower jaw similar to what you would do with a largemouth bass. They have greater teeth than largemouths so if you plan to handle a lot of them you might consider wrapping your thumb with a bandaid or some special tape created for this purpose so your thumb does not get shredded. They have sharp spines on their back so be careful with those.

Calico Bass Tackle

I usually use a medium weight saltwater baitcasting setup. I like to use a 7'-8 'rod rated 15-30lbs and a good baitcasting reel with a fast retire ratio like a Daiwa Pluton or a Shimano Curado. I always use braided line as this can sometimes cut through the kelp if the bass go back in there and wrap you up. A 30lb-50lb fluorocarbon leader can be useful sometimes if they do not bite straight braid. If you are not fishing next to the kelp you can get away with a 12lb or 15lb leader.

Calico Bass Techniques

Calico bass can be readily used on both bait and lures. You can catch them from shore, but like most fishing your chances are better than a boat. Chumming with small anchovies is an effective method of getting them in the feeding mood if you have a large bait tank. Once they are actively feeding near the boat you can cast either lures or bait to them.

Calico Bass Lures

Calicos potentially bite a number of artificial lures that imitate small fish but I have worn most of my Calicos using 5 "plastic swimbaits. My favorite ones are made by a company called Big Hammer. I like them in Halloween, Mackerel, and Sardine colors. You just attach them to a lead jig head of 1 / 2oz-1oz or so and cast them into the kelp. Let them sink a bit and then retrieve them steadily. When something bites, set the hook immediately and crank like crazy to get them Out of the kelp before they wrap you up. Do not fall sleep on the sink as they often get bit while sinking. A weedless leadhead can help reduce snags in the kelp. Water depth at which the fish are hanging out.

I have had some luck catching Calicos on Krocodile spoons when they are feeding on anchovies. However, I usually prefer to fish plastics because the single hook makes for an easier release.

In the last few years many expert Calico anglers have used large plastic slugs to target the trophy fish. I have not tried this yet but I plan to next time I go to Baja.

Calico Bass Baits

For smaller Calicos one of the best baits is a live anchovy. Find a lively one and cast it into the kelp. If the calicos are around and hungry you should not have to wait long for a bite. Set the hook immediately to avoid having the fish swallow the bait and get gut hooked.

Sardines are also a good Calico bait. If you are just targeting the larger ones then live mackerel is a good choice. Many big Calico hunters like fishing "brown baits" – larger perch, croaker, and other fish that sometimes get mixed in with the anchovy or sardine baits. Stick a larger hook in one of these, cast it to a promising spot, and get ready.

If squid are around these make good Calico baits either live or freshly dead. You can stick these on a leadhead.

Where to get the big Calico Bass

Some big fish are eaten in Southern California each year (San Clemente Island can be good) but if you want to maximize your chances you should fish Baja spots such as the kelp south of San Quintin, Cedros Island, and farther south. Any area with kelp down there should hold some big Calicos.

Source by Dan Y Smith

Shimano Trevala: Keep Jigging With Shimano Rods

The Fishing Trend

Fishing today is a complex practice. Back then, it was just the plain livelihood means for the people. Today, it has taken on various forms and has become a professional and a recreational sport. Fishing as a recreation and sport has been a widely accepted trend. Although it follows certain rules, laws, conventions, and licensing restrictions, many are still followers of this sport. Recreational fishing entails the use of rods, reels, hooks, lines and a variety of baits, even artificial baits like at times. Fishing aficionados who are into recreational or sport fishing may log in their catches and participate in fishing competitions. Deep jigging later boomed which involves fishing with a jig. It became popular to anglers because the technique lures several hard to catch marine species.

The Jigging Practice

Deep jigging was first introduced in Japan in the early part of the 1990s. The practice originated with catching blue fin tuna even to a depth of more than 500 feet. Deep fishing with a jig involves having a fish bait with a lead sinker and a hook that is covered with a soft body. As opposed to the ordinary bait that moves horizontally, jigging creates a vertical jerky reflex. It can be used in both fresh water and salt water. There are a variety of species that are attracted to the lure of jiggers, which made it popular to the anglers. Even a hard to catch fish gets caught with deep jigging. When deep jigging was popularized, Shimano Trevala was introduced exclusively for deep jigging lovers.

Deep Butterfly Jigging with Shimano

Shimano Trevala fishing rods are best used with other Shimano Butterfly jigging series. They are featured with the TC4 construction that is doubly wrapped with an inner horizontal layer of dynamic fibers and high modulus graphite. This makes the Shimano rods construction hard yet durable and lightweight. The complete line of Shimano’s Butterfly series along with the Shimano Trevala Jigging Rods were inspired from the Japanese style of jigging rods. They are fast and strong with extreme pulling power. Shimano Trevala is the fishing rod best used for deep jigging. When used with a Shimano Butterfly Jig, no fish is finicky enough not to bite into the lure. It’s unique action on the fall and retrieve makes the Shimano Trevala one of the best fishing rods used by most anglers.

Shimano Trevala Components

Shimano Trevala is built with lightweight and durable materials. It has the following components that make the Shimano Trevala Jigging Rods one of the best loved fishing rods by anglers who are into jigging:

• Fuji Reel Seat
• Fuji Alconite and Fuji Hardloy
• Gudebrod Thread
• EVA Rear Grip and Fore Grip
• Convenient Hook Keeper
• Gimbal

Having a Shimano Trevala will make your big game fishing more exciting and fun. You can shop for these durable Shimano rods from Sea Isle Tackle. You may get online to purchase the complete line of jigging rods from one of the best manufacturers-Shimano Company.

Source by Rob Fuering

Fishing For Hong Kong Sea Bass

It was a few years back when I was living in the Hong Kong. I decided to move there after I graduated from university. A good buddy of mine was already working in Hong Kong and convinced me to come try working over there too. So I packed my bags and off I went to the "far east" to try something new. I started working as an English teacher. The life there was fast paced and exciting. The nightlife was unbelievable and it felt like I had landed on another planet! But soon I adapted to this new exciting lifestyle and it became a normal way of life for me. It was around this time that my inner urges and my curiosity as a "born to fish angler" forced me to wonder if it was at all possible that the busy Hong Kong harbor had any fish in it worth chasing. I felt like I was ten years old again wondering if the Toronto Harbor had any fish to be done! I found out back then that there were fish there, "why can not they be here too?", I asked myself.

Finding fishing information in Hong Kong was quite difficult initially because of the language barrier. I kept asking around and once I talked to my hair dresser and he told me to go to a nearby fishing shop and talk to them about fishing possibilities. I was so excited at that moment because I knew if there was a fishing shop, there was to be some sort of fishing to be had! So right after my haircut, I hurried over to the local fishing store! As I went through the doors of the shop there was a big board of fishing pictures. I scanned through all of them, I saw pictures of squid caught on rod and reels, pictures of GT's cait off of oil rigs, snappers Caught off of tropical beaches and mangrove looking areas and then I saw a picture of something that looked more like my Fingertips. I saw pictures of a this giant fish being caaught at night off urban city lit shorelines. It sort of looked like a snook and kinda 'had spots of a sea trout, the mouth of a large mouth and the shine of a steel head. All these characteristics were things that equaled fish I must catch!

After seeing the fish that I wanted to target, it was time to figure out what I was gonna 'need to know to catch this fish. I started trying to talk to the guys that worked in the shop, especially the guy I saw on the board with all those giant fish. I bought him over to the board and pointed to that awesome looking fish that I was coming to come in contact with. He then replied to me in Cantonese "ahhh, lo yu". So the fish on the board was called a "lo yu" but I soon figured out that it was called a Sea bass in English. I started to try to explain how I would love to catch this thing and asked where to go. The guy looked a little confused but after a lot of broken English and Pictionary style sign language he started to catch my drift. He then bought me to the wall of lures and pointed to a bunch of red head white body minnow baits. So picked a few but then the guy took over and suggested a few. I gladly accepted his help and walked out of there with a variety of lures. The lures were consistent of lipless crank baits without rattles, pencil stalwarts that barely broke the surface and an assortment of sizes from 2-6 inch minnow baits in natural and red head colors in floating and sinking models.

The next day I came back with a few of my rod and reel outfits to see if I had the gear suitable to bring these things in. I had a couple of calcuttas spooled with 14 pound test on a seven foot and six and half foot rod both in medium actions. The guy looked at it and said, "ok!" And brave me the thumbs up! I asked him where I should go and he said "Wan Chai" harbor. My bilingual friend that was with me at the time asked him if I could go with him and his friends some time and he said no problem come next week and we'll leave the shop around 7pm but bringing about $ 100 hkd which was about $ 25 Can. He said we were going to use this money to rent a boat. Next week finally came and I was off to the shop to meet the local guys from the tackle shop! There were three guys there waiting with the same excited anxiousness I had with their tackle on their backs and their rods in hand. We could not speak the same language but I had a good feeling we could definitely bridge that gap through the love of fishing! We then all jumped in a cab and took off for the harbor. When we got there, there was a man wearing a rice hat waiting in one of those junk boats you see in Bruce Lee movies. We all jumped in his boat and were off into the middle of Wan Chai Harbor. It took about a ten minutes to get out to some stationary ships. The ships were well lit so there was a shade line from light to dark created by the ships light. The guys from the shop pointed and told me to cast along the shade line and in between the docks and the boats. I was starting to like what I was beginning to understand about these fish. It was becoming clear that these fish had a little like large mouth. Before I made my first cast I was overwhelmed by the futuristic beauty that surrounded me! It was a breathtaking moment, it felt as if I was fishing in the movie Blade runner !! The Hong Kong skyline at night is something to see, especially when you're fishing in the middle of the harbor and you're surrounded by it all! Its really hard to put into words but all I can say is I'll never forget that moment and that I'm getting chills as I write at this very second.

After my exhilarating moment I rushed to the front of the boat and hurled a cast along side a huge ship with a Yo-Zuri Red Live vibration bait. I rolled it along waiting for a bite but did not get anything. Every cast felt like I was going to get bit. Around my tenth cast, I pitched a beauty cast underneath a rope and in between two boats where the lights from the boats were pouring down on the water. As soon as I engaged my spooled I felt a heavy thug on my rod. I swept into it and the thing started stripping drag like a steelhead on steroids !! After a sharp and heavy run a fish about 6lbs shot out of the water like a giant smallmouth! I could not believe it was only 6lbs, the thing cooked like you would not believe.! The local guys were pretty impressed and were surprised how I could get my casts in there like that but little did they know how long I have been bass fishing back in Canada. As the night progressed, the fishing kept getting better and better as the tide level started to drop. I later learned that when the harbor water level is at its highest and the tide starts to drop is when the fishing is best. So new moon and full moon periods were best. When the water and tide is still, fishing for these things are the worst, its like fishing in a severe cold front situation up here. From my understanding I think the tide stirs up the water and oxygenates it tremendously and in turn creates fish activity.

Anywayszzz, we must have about twenty or so of these crazy fish between 2-8lbs. Although I lost a giant (maybe 14 lbs or so) on 8lb test on a medium light action spinning outfit. I could not do anything with that light rod, the fish just took off and broke me off around a piling. I put that rod down for the night and stuck with my heavy action bass rods. As we headed in for the night, we did one last stop along a boat that was a restaurant park on the harbor shore. The light was pouring out of this boat as well, the guy from the shop launched a pencil bait along the boat and nailed one more nice one about ten pounds! The people on the boat eating were cheering, it was hilarious! We did not catch anything after that and the tide was pretty still by that time so we decided to head back in. Boy oh boy was I happy, that was the best 25 bucks I've ever spent!

As for the rest of my days in Hong Kong, I discovered that there were tons of other places to fish from
Shore at night. Any well lit piece of harbor front that had shade as well was becoming obvious to me that fish could be holding. I fished all over the city and Caught many guys in the twenty pound range !!! To my surprise very few people were fishing for these beautiful creatures, I know in Japan the anglers would have been all over this opportunity. When I did bump into other anglers they were just fishing really for food and not for the sport as much. I was surprised that most of them did not believe in lures and seemed amazed when I reeled one in on something artificial. It still remains a mystery on how big the population of Hong Kong is and how small the population that actually gets out fishing. They do not know what they're missing! Sea bass still remains one of my very favorite fish to catch. Who would not want to catch a fish that acts like a large mouth, fights like a steel head on steroids and jumps like a small mouth! I can not wait to go to other cities around the world to find out what other urban gems lurk beneath the surface!

Source by Taro Murata

Struisbaai Harbor Wall – Fishing For Everyone

Struisbaai harbor wall has always been a special place for anglers of all ages coming to this lovely seaside village from all over South Africa. During summer weekends and holiday season the wall is generally packed with anglers of all ages enjoying a wide variety of fishing techniques. The harbor wall is a safe and secure place (most of the times) where a lot of angling wisdom is shared, experience gained and the love for the sport of fishing passed down from one angler to another.

Struisbaai harbor wall is an interesting angling spot as it offers such a wide variety of fish species to target. It is a place where toddlers get their first feel for a rod and reel, and get to touch a puffer fish for the first time. It is also a place where the big boys with the big tackle come to hunt massive stingrays and huge raggies. In between all that you can expect to find elf, garrick, cob, musselcracker, smaller sharks, grunters and kolsterte.

Family Fun
Many a mom, dad or grandparent have taken the young angler to this safe angling spot and introduced them to the sport of rock and surf angling. I wonder how many chilfren have their first fish from the harbor wall? Taking a light rod and reel or a handline and using sardine or chokka for bait these youngsters hone their angling skills on puffer fish, strepies, kolsterte, tjor-tjor and maasbankers.

Elf on the Wall !!
Many a summer evening, on the outgoing tide, the wall resembles a porcupine with quills standing erect as the anglers, young and old, gather for the elf run, and also hoping to get a fast swimming garrick. The favorite bait is a whole sardine slowly trawled on the inside of the harbor. With the elf around it normally does not take long for any angler to get their bag limit.

Garrick / Leervis
From January to March you will see quite a few anglers throwing spinners and top water poppers from the rocks in fronth of the harbor wall hiring for a massive strike and a hard fight. Garrick from 5-20kg are usually around early in the morning or late afternoon, feasting on the elf in the sentered harbor water. Some anglers prefer running a live elf out on the right hand side into the bay, hoping for garrick or a cob.

Other Edibles
Cob, kolsterte and spotted grunters are the other main target species during the months of Nov to March, but the odd white musselcracker, galjoen and belman are also landed. The spotted grunters are normally caught in the shallower waters at the 2nd and 3rd lamppole on very light tackle using prawn or sardine tail as the bait.

The average size of the cob are between 2 and 5kg, but quite a few biggies over 20kg are landed on a regular basis. The best time for kob is at night using chokka and / or sardine or running some live mullet or maasbanker. Once a cob is hooked it is best to work the fish towards the sandy beach between the harbor wall and Die Las as the rocks in front of the harbor has ended many a fight with a line parting.

Sharks and Rays
We all know that Struisbaai harbor is home to a few massive black stingrays weighing well over 120 kg's, but it is the area just in front of the harbor wall and to the right where huge black rays as well as smaller blue rays and duckbill rays are Regularly caught. Many an angler has overestimated his own prowess and tackle capabilities only to have a knot come unaccompanied, a line break, rod snap or reel bust trying to take on these sea bulldozers.

Stingrays are done during the day and night, and chokka or fish heads seams to work the best for these bottom feeders. Rhe smaller rayus atre awesome fun on light tackle, but for the big black stingrays you would need a rod with a strong backbone, at least .45 line, a decent reel and lots of energy as most of the fights lasts up to 4 hours.

The best time to fish for sharks are at night time. Some anglers target smaller shark species like smooth hounds and spotted gully sharks, or even South Africa's very own pajama cat shark, while other angler slide out big baits for spotted ragged tooth sharks over 150kg that frequent this area, or hoping for a big bronzie or Tope shark to land.

The preferred bait for the smaller sharks are a live mullet or maasbanker, or fish fillets and chokka, but with the latter the small fry normally have a fever and you have to replace bait on a regular basis. For the bigger sharks most of the anglers slide yellowtail or cape salmon heads or half a skipjack, You can also slide a big maasbanker or smaller elf with success.

A Few Rules
1) Remember, you are not allowed to use a throw net inside the harbor at any time. Rather use small baited hooks to catch bullet or maasbankers.
2) Please keep the harbor wall clean. There is a big drum provided for all your rubbish.
3) Watch out for children and other anglers when throwing your bait. No one enjoys a hook in the ear or worse.
4) Be considerate towards other angler. Do not push in or throw over their lines.
5) Keep to the size and bag limits. If you are not going to eat it or use it for bait, throw it back.
6) The rocks are slippery and dangerous when going to gaff a fish. I do not think you want to be in the water with a 200kg raggie!
7) Be careful of the water !! Watch the waves.
8) You are not allowed to drive onto the harbor wall with your car, bakkie or scooter.

Struisbaai harbor wall will provide you with endless hours of pure angling joy, even those times when the fish does not want to bite. The idea for Overberg Angling was born on that wall one night while waiting for some action, and the harbor wall holds many other great memories for me, my family and friends. Hopefully you too will soon enjoy this very special angling spot at the southern tip of Africa.

Source by Stefano Schoonees

Five Things One Needs For Deep Sea Fishing

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The best way to learn fishing in a deep sea is by serving an apprenticeship under experienced anglers. Most of the best anglers today have leant the tricks of this trade in this time-tested manner.

However, if you cannot find an experienced person, you can still learn the basics of catching fish from the salty waters deep in the sea. The Internet is an excellent source of information. The fact that you are reading this article in itself is a good indication. If you search further, you can find websites that provide comprehensive information about deep sea fishing as well as sell equipment required for it at competitive prices.

The following are some of the essential items one requires for successfully capturing fish from large seas.

Charter Service

For a majority of people, hiring a charter service is the most convenient and affordable way to engage in angling in a sea. It is especially advantageous for beginners. The crewmembers in most of the charters know the locations where fish are available in plenty. They might help in finding suitable baits or even offer tips about angling techniques.

Accessories

There is not much difference in the type of accessories required for deep sea fishing than from fresh water angling. However, the nature of accessories does change, as the fish in the seas are much bigger and stronger than those found in fresh waters.

The Main Accessories You Would Require Include The Following:

1. Rods
2. Reels
3. Belt and harness
4. Lures
5. Baits

Rods

Rods should be larger and sturdier than those used for fresh water angling. Rods of varying lengths are available. One should select a suitable rod based on one’s requirements.

Reels

A number of types of reels are available nowadays with all kinds of specifications. For beginners the best option is to purchase a simple no-frills reel and learn the technique of deep sea fishing first. One can opt for sophisticated reels when one becomes comfortable and confident in catching fish.

Belt And Harness

Belt and harness provide better options for the angler to control the rods. They also make the process of pulling up the catch easier.

Lures

One can find a variety of lures available. Beginners should try to get lures of different colors. One must be able to match the color of the lure with that of the bait.

Baits

Many experienced anglers say that baits are the most important thing in getting the kind of fish one is looking for. One may get the best accessories available; however, if the fish does not like the bait, they will not come nearby it. In short, a poorly chosen and badly maintained bait is more likely to spoil the trip than not.

There are no hard and fast rules in selecting suitable baits for deep sea fishing. One should first understand the kind of fish available in that particular area and then select baits based on that. One should do some research about the favorite food of the fish in that area.

What Are the Best Baits For Fishing? Live Baits

Anyone who spends time fishing is well aware of how effective live baits are when it comes to fishing for almost any species of fish. In this article I will explore some of the more popular and effective live baits that can be used for fishing. For the purposes of this article all of the baits being mentioned are for freshwater fish. Live baits are also productive for saltwater fishing, but that is an article for some other fisherman to write. Freshwater fish are my specialty and all of the live baits in this article are for use while fishing in freshwater fishing scenarios.

Below you will find a list of some of the baits that have worked well for me over the past two plus decades of fishing, along with some tips and tricks for putting these baits into action. One “tip” that seems obvious, but still needs to be mentioned is the fact that your bait always need to be as lively as possible when it is being used as bait. Dieing or partially dead live bait is all but useless when it comes to fishing. When it comes to live baits, the livelier the bait is the better.

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  1. Live Crayfish – Live crayfish are a very effective live bait, especially when it comes to large predatory fish like trout and bass. As a matter of fact, a live crayfish that’s about two inches long is one of the best baits for catching big trout of all time. The biggest issues with live crayfish are availability and the fact that they can be difficult to fish. Trial and error is key when it comes to fishing with live crayfish. The best way to find live crayfish is to find them yourself and store them in a minnow bucket. In any case live crayfish, when available, are one of the best baits that can be used for fishing.
  2. Live Night Crawlers – Anyone who fishes knows how effective live night crawlers are for almost any species of freshwater fish, yet many anglers don’t know how to rig them effectively. The proper way to rig a live nightcrawler for fishing is to pinch the worm in half and rig it on a set of gang hooks. This way your worm is outstretched (the way God and the fish prefer it), which means many more bites and hook ups. When it comes to live baits, live nightcrawlers are readily available and hard to beat.
  3. Live Bait Fish – The most popular bait fish is the minnow. In most area’s minnows are readily available and very effective as bait for fishing. Live minnows are excellent bait for species like Crappie, Smallmouth Bass, and Walleye to name just a few. Some fishermen like to rig live bait fish by hooking them through the back with a single hook and some like to use a gang hook rig (mentioned above). Both methods work, but the bottom line is that bait fish such as minnows are one of the best baits to use for fishing. One of the keys to success when using live bait fish is to not use fishing hooks that are too large, downsize your hooks and you will get more bites.

Are these the only live baits that can be used for fishing? Of course not, but they are among the most effective. If you use any of the preceding baits with regularity there is little doubt that one of them will become your own personal “favorite” bait for fishing.

Bass Fishing Tips – Is There a Best Bait For Bass?

Have you ever wondered if there is a “best bait” when it comes to bass fishing? In this article I’m going to list some of the more popular and effective baits used for bass fishing. These baits all catch bass and which one is best depends largely on personal preference.

I will also provide some bass fishing tips that will help you be more effective when using these bass baits. I know, I know, bass fishing tips are much like bellybuttons. Every body seems to have one, but with any luck some of the bass fishing tips in this article will work for you.

What do you say we get down to business and list these effective bass baits?

  1. Jitterbugs – One of the most popular top water bass lures of all time is the Jitterbug. The manufacturer of these wonderful top water bass baits also makes a jointed variety, which is also quite effective. The key to fishing a jitterbug, whether jointed or traditional, is to fish it very slowly in water that’s as flat as possible. When retrieving these bass baits you want to hear the melodic “gurgle” that these baits emit from the lip on the front.
  2. Live Bait – Live bait has always been considered a great bass fishing bait. Large shiners or shad are quite effective when fished under a float. I personally live to use slip bobbers as a float when fishing live shiners or shad for bass. Large baitfish (the size of your hand or a bit smaller) should be hooked right below the dorsal fin with a circle hook. Smaller baitfish should be hooked through the lips using a set of gang hooks. Both of these methods seem to be the best at keeping your live bait alive.
  3. Synthetic Worms/Grubs – Plastic worms have long been known as a great bait for bass, but the introduction of synthetic worms and grubs has changed the game a bit. Synthetic worms such as Berkley’s Gulp and Power Worms are extremely effective bass baits. This might be one of the best bass fishing tips that you get today. These bass baits have been impregnated with fish attracting scents, so ditch your soft plastics for their synthetic cousins.
  4. Realistic Shad Imitations – One of a basses favorite meals is a shad, so realistic shad imitations are a very effective bass bait. The key when using shad imitations is that they are as realistic as possible. You want your lure to look as much like a real shad as possible. I realize that this sounds obvious, but it nonetheless needs to be mentioned. All too often bass anglers try to save a few bucks on their bass lures and compromise realism without realizing it. Don’t skimp, especially when it comes to shad imitations.

 Buy the Award Winning ‘Esca Lures’ online at http://www.escalure.co.uk/

These bass baits are among the most effective that you will find. Are they the only options? Certainly not, but one of them might just become your best bass bait and catch you a trophy.

Source by Escalure Fishing Tackle

Tips For Choosing The Best Fishing Net

A Fishing Net maybe defined as a type of net that is used to hold or trap fish. These are always made of meshes created by knotting together thin threads. There are several types of nets out there from tiny hand nets and cast nets to massive trawl and drift nets.

For the benefit of those for whatever fishing is a personal hobby, passion and leisure sport, we will discuss the hand fishing nets or landing nets in this article:

A landing net is a type of fishing net that is held open by a hoop and usually hangs at the end of a long stiff handle. This is generally used by anglers to scoop up hooked fish near the surface. Landing nets are also extremely useful when netting captured fish and putting them into the boat. There are certain factors one should keep in mind when choosing a fishing net of the landing net variety. These are the material of the net, the type of handle and hoop. Here is a brief look at how the material of your landing net can affect your fishing experience:

The mesh of landing nets is usually made of three basic materials. These are Nylon, Nylon-coated and Rubber.

Nylon mesh fishing nets are usually the less expensive ones and its no small wonder then that their negative effects far outweigh the savings on price. One of the biggest drawbacks of Nylon nets is that they are known to tangle hooks easily. So in the event that your hook gets cooked up the material, you should brace yourself for many minutes of struggle to untangle and release the hook. Also, due to the abrasive surface of nylon nets, you risk damaging the delicate and valuable slime cover of the fish and cause its death by possible wound infection.

A nylon-coated fishing net is one where the nylon mesh is either dipped into or sprayed with a poly-chemical that makes it smoother and softer. Such nets are far gentler on fish and are also long-lasting as the coating protects the nylon against gradual damage caused due to the continuous exposure to sun and water. Such landing nets also do not tangle up with hooks easily like ordinary nylon nets.

The final type of mesh material for hand fishing nets or landing nets in the market is the rubber version. Such meshes do not harm the fish's protective slime covering and are just about knotless for ease of use as well. Rubber is fast gaining popularity among fishing net manufacturers due to its versatility, durability and strength. The only downfall to rubber mesh fishing nets is that the material tends to break down over considered long term use. However, this is not a major problem by any means since such nets easily last 10 years or more depending on type of usage.

Apart from the abovementioned materials, it's equally important to buy a fishing net that is black in color, since a black net will automatically camouflage itself underwater, thereby effectively reducing the chances of spooking the fish when it's being scooped out. Happy shopping!

Source by Lee Dobbins

Tune Up Those Reels And Rods

Your rod and reel are the most important parts of your fly fishing gear. There are a few simple things you can do to make sure they give you years of great service.

Reels

There’s really not much to say about maintaining reels, other than … lubricate them as per the manufacturers’ instructions! As with anything that has moving parts, friction develops. The heat caused by excessive friction will cause wear and tear that did not have to happen if the part was properly lubricated. The best lubricant to use is lithium grease – don’t be trying to squirt 10W-30 inside your reel!

For the most part, today’s reels require very little maintenance and you shouldn’t have to do to much to keep them in good shape. One thing that is very important, especially if you spend any time at all on saltwater is to rinse your reels completely and thoroughly in fresh water. It’s a good idea to give your reels a quick rinse after each fishing trip anyhow, to remove any dirt and grime.

Check for bits of dirt between the spool and the reel. Today’s reels usually are constructed with very close tolerances, and a bit of grit can cause the reel to not perform well.

You might also want to consider cleaning the cork drag system. Wipe it clean with a paper towel, being sure to remove any dirt or grit on the surface.

Fly Rods

Most anglers spend more money on their fly rods than any other piece of tackle. They also expect it to perform optimally all the time, yet many anglers forget that a fly rod is in fact a tool that is made from several different parts. If one of those parts is defective or worn, it could dramatically decrease the performance of the rod. Be sure to take a look at the following parts of your fly rod, and if you find anything that seems amiss, take it in to the closest competent repair shop, or contact the manufacturer to determine whether the problem is covered by warranty:

Guides, or ‘eyes’ as they are sometimes referred to, ensure that your line is properly carried along the rod and is acted upon during the force of casting. There are different types of guides that are now used on fly rods, however traditionally, and probably still the most common, are what are known as ‘snake’ guides. Most snake guides are made from hard chrome. One of the most important guides to take a good look at is the one at the very tip of your rod, known as the ‘tip top’. This guide bears the most pressure of all, and consequently, is the one most prone to wear and tear.

If you are at all dubious about the amount of friction that a fly rod guide puts up with, try this experiment: Have someone hold a piece of fly line against some part of your body. Ask them to pull it back and forth over your skin with some force and speed. I guarantee that in a few moments, you will be asking them to stop as the heat builds up and your skin begins to wear off!

With this experiment in mind, check that tip top for signs of grooving. As the tip top grooves, this causes even more friction against your lines as it travels through the guide. As well, small microscopic burrs can develop which in time will damage your fly lines and decrease their life. If your tip top has any signs of wear, have it replaced, or try replacing it yourself. If you have a professional repair done, you shouldn’t expect to pay anymore than $5.00 to $10.00 for a simple chrome tip top.

The rest of your guides are actually held onto the rod with thread that has been wrapped around the guide feet. Modern rods have an epoxy coating over the thread wraps. Sometimes, the epoxy can develop cracks with the constant flexing of the rod. The cracks themselves are not unexpected nor will they cause any decrease in the performance of the rod. However, over time, the epoxy can weaken and the guides may loosen away from the blank. So, check the guides and ensure that there is no wiggling from them underneath their wraps. There is no need to use a great deal of pressure – just a very light tug to ensure they are still secure. Again, if you find one that needs attention, a good rod builder should be able to rewrap the guide for you. Better this than have the guide come loose all together and impede your casting performance!

Ring type guides are becoming more popular on fly rods, rather than snake guides. The inner ring that contacts the fly line is usually made of Silicon Carbide (SiC), a very hard and smooth material that provides great heat disipation and less friction than chrome. These rings will not groove like chrome will, but you should still give them a quick check. For one thing, on guides that are not of the best quality, the inner ring can come loose from the guide frame. If this happens, you will want to ensure the complete guide is replaced. You can do the job yourself if you order the parts from a custom rod component shop.

The next thing to check is the reel seat. There is the possibility that the bond between the reel seat and the rod blank has weakened and the reel seat is not solidly attached. This is more true with older rods but it is always a good idea to check anyhow. If you do find a reel seat that is need of repair, this is best done either by the manufacturer, who will probably replace the whole butt section, or by a competent rod builder, which could be a bit more costly. Some rods simply wouldn’t be worth it.

Finally, why not give that cork handle a nice clean-up? You probably have forgotten how much brighter it looked when it was first new! Over time, cork can become very dirty, but this is easily removed with a good scrubbing using a damp, fine soap pad such as Scotch-BriteTM or an S.O.S.® pad. When you’re done scrubbing, give the handle a final rinse with water. You will be amazed at how good that cork handle will look.

Now, that you’ve got your fly fishing gear all tuned up, you’re ready for the season! Go catch some fish.

Source by Ian Hugh Scott

Hooking the Right Fishing Rods and Reels

Fishing rods and reels can literally break or make one’s fishing trip. With a wide range of fishing rods and reels from various manufacturers, with different spinning reels and designs, it is essential to select the most suitable kind of fishing reels. The right fishing reels largely determine the smoothness of the casting and how fast the catch can be reeled in, which also depends on the type of fish caught. Much of the success of a fishing trip hinges on the fishing rods and reels, among other time-tested tricks. Thus it only helps to learn more about these essential tools and select suitable fishing reels for a satisfying and fruitful boating experience.

The basic types of fishing reels include fly casting, bait casting and spin casting. Fly casting reels are not as complex as the bait casting and spin casting reels, though all these types of fishing reels can be used for both salt water and fresh water fishing. There are also other factors to consider when choosing the appropriate fishing rods and reels. These factors include the material of the reel, which is greatly dependent on the type and location of fishing. Graphite, aluminum and plastic are some of the common materials used. Graphite, being lighter than aluminum, is usually used to make fish rods and reels for freshwater fishing, while the stronger aluminum is the choice material for fishing reels used in saltwater fishing.

Fly fishing in fresh waters, which is gaining popularity more as an art form than serious angling, uses long, flexible and light rods. These rods cast ‘flies’ that mimic the movement of insects such as nymphs and such over the water surface. The fake flies are usually synthetic materials such as foam, string and such which resemble the insects. Fly fishing is employed to catch trout, salmon and other fresh water species. The different fish species need different rod tautness and weight test line to counter the weight of the fighting fish. The rod size is another aspect dependent on the type of fish intended for fishing. Fishing rods are numbered according to their weight. Smaller trout need rods with a smaller number while larger trout and bass require medium sized rods. Larger rods best accommodate the weight of salmon and tarpon.

The spin casting rods are used when the bait or lure is frequently cast and retrieved to unhook the catch. Being heavier, they are best suited for larger fish including the steelhead or the striped bass.

The right rods need to be correctly matched with suitable reels. The spinning wheels are hardy for vigorous freshwater fishing while remaining easy enough for beginners and seasoned anglers. While the original design was for fly fishing with trout and salmon, the newer models of these spinning reels are made sturdy to manage heavier baits and larger catches. They are also great with light tackles.

The line capacity of the reel needs to be suitable for the type of fish to be fishing for. Fishes such as trout and salmon tend to run more with the line, thus needing more line, unlike the bluegill or perch which are easier to catch with the cast length. Another factor dependent on the type of fish caught is the line strength. A heavier line is necessary for heavier fish which also tend to be stronger at fighting. The ratings for the reels and the line can be found on the packaging. The gear ratio of the selected reels is also dependent on the type of fish being fished. The ratio indicates the number of times the fishing reels rotate when they are cranked each time. A faster ratio may not always be better, depending on the intended catch. Choosing the right fishing rods and reels actually requires some understanding of the fish to be caught, so that the right tools are available for a fruitful fishing outing.

The Importance of Fishing Rods and Reels

What will function as the two most significant items an angler needs in order to catch fish? That is going to have to wind up being fishing rods and reels. Not having these, is going to make it quite difficult to catch any fish at all. What kind of are actually the best? To be honest that question will be answered by you, the fisherman. Given, there are numerous high quality brands of fishing rods and reels available these days. Major manufacturers such as Abu Garcia, All Star, Berkley, Daiwa, Eagle Claw, Quantum, Shakespeare, and Shimano are considered to be outstanding fishing rods and reels. All of these manufacturers devote a considerable amount of time to ensure their products are top-rated within their industry. Being the owner of fishing rods and reels such as these will certainly amplify your fishing experience. Each of them maintain excellent performing equipment. To express that any particular one is superior to the next will come right down to experience as well as personal preference.

There are many aspects to consider when you’re planning to buy fishing rods and reels. One significant point to think about will be the type of fish you are trying to catch. This can play several roles in deciding on which types to invest in. Another could be how frequently you intend on going fishing. Just how many hours of the day do you plan to spend on the water repeatedly casting your line? What kind of struggle are these fish likely to give you? What type of lures or baits will you be using? What are the surroundings like where you will be fishing? These are merely a few of the aspects you should consider prior to deciding on which fishing rods and reels to utilize.

In that respect there are just a few different categories of fishing rods and reels to choose from. You will find spincast reels which will attach on the top of a casting rod, fly rods and reels, baitcasting reels which additionally mount on the top of a casting rod and spinning rods and reels. The primary difference between casting rods and spinning rods would be that a casting reel is situated on top of the rod as opposed to a spinning reel attaching to the underside of the fishing rod. The same will be for your line guides or ferrules. Fishing rods are typically made out of graphite, fiberglass, bamboo, wood and steel. A spincast reel comes with an enclosed face and it’s also super easy to use. The spinning reel comes with an open face in which you can physically view your spooled line. This kind of reel features a fixed spool, which means the spool itself doesn’t turn in the course of casting or retrieval. A wire bail apparatus is actually what enables your line to unspool throughout casting after it is disengaged and also on the flip side, coils your fishing line back on to the spool when it is engaged during retrieval. This type of reel may additionally be used as a right-handed or left-handed reel simply by relocating the handle from one side to the other. These are generally used any time you are casting a lure which is equal to or less than a quarter ounce. And then there are baitcasting fishing reels. This kind of fishing reel does have a revolving spool that is supported by means of ball bearings. As with these, you’ll be able to physically observe your spool and line. Baitcasting reels tend to be used when fishing for larger sized fish or even when you’re using a heavier bait.

Fishing rods and reels are available in all sizes and shapes. Rods range in common lengths from 6 feet to 12 feet however you will find some that are longer or shorter. They are usually rated by power and action. The action of the fishing rod identifies where the rod will bend over the blank and the power represents what part of the rod your hook setting power originates from. These two things will be a factor to consider after you know what kind of fish you will be fishing for. Fishing reels may be small or large whenever making reference to spincast or spinning reels, standard as well as large arbor styles when talking about fly reels and round or low profile models are found with baitcasting reels, which are certainly starting to become the most popular. Gear ratio identifies the amount of line that is being spooled with regards to a single revolution with the handle. Braking systems are utilized to obtain more control over precisely where your bait lands and additionally drag systems are utilized while reeling a fish in to help you keep from breaking your line.

Each of these factors can have an effect on how productive and pleasurable your excursions are. There are several varieties of fishing rods and reels to pick from. The best choice will undoubtedly be the fishing rods and reels that you will have more success with. This will certainly differ from one individual to another and it will ultimately depend on your own personal preference and what works for you. Fishing is a sport that is fun and enjoyable. Owning high quality, well-made fishing rods and reels allow it to be all the more enjoyable. Many of these fishing rods and reels make it feel effortless, but it’s always a joy when you hook that big one that puts up a wild fight. For that reason, you should just go out and do a little experimenting with different types of fishing rods and reels and you will find what works best for you.